This new perspective on the overall direction of our growing universe provides a new context for understanding the specific nature of our existence – the Science of Being. Ontology is the branch of metaphysics that investigates the nature of being and of the first principles, or categories such as Cosmology. Cosmology concerns itself with the origins and general structure of the universe, its parts, elements, and laws, especially with regard to such characteristics as space, time, causality, and synchronicity.
Ontology is sometimes considered to be synonymous with metaphysics, but is that part of metaphysics that specifies the most fundamental categories of existence, the elementary substances or structures out of which the world is made. Ontology will thus analyse the most general and abstract concepts or distinctions that underlie every more specific description of any phenomenon in the world, e.g. time, space, matter, process, cause and effect, system.